Government Procurement is the procedure of procurement of merchandise, administrations and advancements by a legislature and open body to satisfy the necessities of people in general and a practice to do its obligations towards nation.
Government Procurement is assessed to more than 30,000 corer yearly. It is surprising to note that there is no central law regarding a matter which represents 25 to 30 percent of GDP of the Indian economy.
The Union Cabinet led by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has affirmed an arrangement for giving inclination to 'Make in India' in government acquisitions. The order also covers autonomous bodies, government companies/ entities under the government’s control.
The approach will be actualized through an Order according to Rule 153(iii) of the General Financial Rules, 2017 to give buy inclination (linked with local content) in Government acquirement. Under the strategy, inclination in Government obtainment will be given to local suppliers. Local Suppliers are those whose merchandise or administrations meet endorsed least edges (customarily half) for local content. Local content is fundamentally domestic value addition.
Little buys of under Rs.5 lakhs are exempted.
In acquirement of commodities for Rs. 50 lakhs and less, and where the Nodal Ministry confirms that there is adequate local suppliers and nearby competition in market, only local suppliers will qualify to bid.
For acquirements valued at more than Rs. 50 lakhs (or where there is inadequate nearby limit/competition) if the most lowest offer is not from a non-local provider, the least cost local provider who is inside an edge of 20% of the most reduced bid, will be given the chance to match the lowest bid.
The approach likewise requires that determinations in tenders must not be prohibitive e.g. ought not require verification of supply in different nations or confirmation and proofs of exports in regard of past involvement. They should not bring about meaningless avoidance of local suppliers who might some way or another be qualified, beyond what is essential for ensuring quality or creditworthiness of the supplier.
The strategy sets out a technique for confirmation of local material depending principally on self-accreditation.
A Standing Committee in Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion will direct the execution of this request and issues emerging consequently, and make suggestions to Nodal Ministries and acquiring substances.
It is to be noted that General Financial Rules and Delegation of Financial Powers Rules, in spite of the fact that exemplifying some globally acknowledged best standards, have no drive of law. different approaches and practices are followed by diffident ministries , departments and organizations. Just the conditions of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka have embraced straightforwardness laws for public procurement. The institutional structure neglects to give adequate straightforwardness, responsibility, effectiveness, competition, polished methodology, and economy in broad daylight on public procurement.
The formulation of the Public Procurement Bill, 2012, tabled in Loksabha on 4th may 2012 by Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, Government of India is the amended version of the WTO GPA, it is to be noted that India has not acceded WTO GPA and is sitting there as a observer. The fundamental aim of the WTO GPA is to commonly open government procurement markets among its gatherings.
Indian Share in Manufacturing sector is 15-16% in GDP, to boost it up to 25 % by 2022 to match International ratio, Manmohan Singh Government introduced “National Manufacturing Policy “ to setup employment intensive industry and leverages public procurement to stimulate manufacturing in India. Congress in 2014 slammed Prime Minister Narendra Modi for “restatement” of National Manufacturing Policy to “ Make in India” and further said "making uncharitable references"