Nuclear energy is named as "clean" as it does not produces any greenhouse gasses whereas it produces radioactive waste that dirties earth for eras. Renewable energy does not pollute the environment, nor produce greenhouse gases. It is the genuine answer for environmental damage.
Considering the flagship projects of “Make in India” and to accelerate domestic nuclear power program, Cabinet on 17th may 2017 approved construction of 10 units of India’s indigenous pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWR) with accumulative capacity of 7000 MW, coming up in fleet mode as a fully homegrown initiative.
present there are twenty two operational nuclear power reactors in India with a
nuclear power generation capacity of 6780 MW, in a spread of over six states.
They contribute fewer than three percent of the nation's aggregated energy. The
Capacity of 6700 MWs of nuclear power plants are expected to be functional by
2021-22; currently these plants are under construction. Long back India set a
goal to install 63000MW capacity nuclear power till 2032.
We have full supremacy of PHWR innovation, with three decade of architects and researchers who have been prepared in all aspects of related exercises, with existing full capacities for its produce and creation inside Indian enterprises. PHWR is a reactor commonly uses raw uranium as its fuel, further water is used as its coolant and neutron moderator.
With the experience of indigenous talent of having outlined, manufactured and operational 17 PHWRs all alone by Indians and up to 540 MWe limit in past few decades, and with four 700 MWe PHWR under development, there is no motivation behind why India needs to differentiate its nuclear journey to incorporate few new sorts of non Indian reactors, of which neither Indians nor any continent have any experience up until now.
There are 31 nations incorporating India on the planet producing nuclear power. As per the information distributed in May 2015, by PRIS of IAEA, India positioned at twelfth on nuclear power generation and sixth on number of reactor.
The first nuclear reactor of India as well as asia named APSARA by then Prime minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was designed and conceptualized by Father of Indian Nuclear Program Dr. Homi Bhabha and indigenously built in record time of 15 months by Indian Scientists with the help taken from Britain.
In 1954, Dr. Homi Bhabha devised three stage nuclear policy program for India , stage I is Installing PWHR), stage II is installing Fast Breeder Reactors (FBRs) utilizing plutonium based fuel and Stage III is advanced nuclear power systems for utilization of thorium. Currently India has just entered in Stage II.
In 2016 , New India Assurance company ltd. issued policy with risk cover of 1500 corer INR with premium of 100 corer , Indian Nuclear Insurance Pool (INIP) of 1,500 corer INR was launched as per the mandatory condition under the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act, 2010.